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Doc Talk | The signs and symptoms of prostate cancer

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Doctors say prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men, but they also say it’s the most treatable, as long as it’s caught early.

They most men don’t even know what their prostate is, so identifying the symptoms can be tricky, but it doesn’t have to be.

“You can’t prevent prostate cancer. All men develop BPH which is an enlarged prostate,” said Dr. William Nasuti, a family physician at Geisinger Holy Spirit

Con: prostate cancer may not show any symptoms.

Pro: if caught early, prostate cancer can be treated and allow you to live a normal life.

“But if caught and treated early, it’s quite easily treated,” he said.

Doctors can do a prostate specific antigen or p-s-a test to determine if your prostate is enlarged.

If they find you have an elevated PSA they’ll recommend a urologist who will then do a biopsy to determine whether you’ve developed cancer.

So what are the symptoms to look for?

“Most men get an enlarged prostate and those signs are you’re getting up a lot to urinate more frequently, you feel like you haven’t emptied your bladder,” he said.

Signs that cancer may have already developed are blood in urine or bad back pain.

Prostate cancer is treated with radiation and hormonal therapy that helps shrinks the prostate.

That’s why, when it comes to cancer, Dr. William Nasuti says the most important thing for men to do is get both their p-s-a tested and an annual rectal exam starting at age 50.

“Which a lot of men don’t want. A lot of men don’t even know what their prostate is. It’s a male hormonal gland or sex organ that sits below the bladder in front of your rectum,” he said.

If you’re a man, 50 or older, talk to your doctor about your annual exams and any changes you notice about visits to the bathroom.

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